By: Kevin Lubrin Domingsil
Getting the Meaning of Words
1. If there is a sentence, read it twice and look for context clue/s.
2. Ask yourself if you can relate the word with an object, an idea, a person or an experience. For example, solemnity is associated with praying, mass or church. Therefore, any word that suggests roughness, loudness or improper action must be eliminated.
3. Test for consistency in part of speech. For example, a noun will require a synonym that is also a noun. The other choices that are not nouns may be eliminated. This concept, particularly when used in constructing sentences, is called parallelism.
4. Determine the tone or mood of the word. Words may suggest a good, positive or upbeat tone. Its synonym must exhibit the same.
5. Try to replace the word in the sentence with the choices given, then do a final process of elimination. Choose the best answer.
Finding the Error
1. Remember that there may or may not be an error in a given sentence.
2.The error must be in any of the underlined parts of the sentence.
3. Look for the most common errors first. Start by checking the spelling of words. You should also watch out for redundant words.
4. Check for any possible error in grammar by checking the subject-verb agreement in the principall as well as the subordinate clauses. Other errors in grammar maybe verb tense, pronoun-antecedent combination, comparative forms of adjective or adverb, wrong conjunction or preposition, punctuations, and wrong usage of words like these, this, its, it’s, etc.
5. Read the whole sentence again and check for any error in sentence construction (parallel construction, logical construction).
6. Always assume that the test questions have undergone proofreading, and are therefore completely accurate. If there is an error, it is probably not a typographical error and is therefore intentional.
1. Scan the paragraph to get the main idea before turning to the questions. Others look at the questions first. This is a choice one has to make based on his experience or what works for him/her.
2. Read the questions. Identify the kind of question. Is it a main idea question, a detail or an inference question which requires logical thinking and reasoning.
3. Search for the specific details for a detail question. Make sure you answer this correctly.
4. Read the sentences and recognize the clues that can help state the implied idea.
5. Always consider all choices. Do a process of elimination and choose the best answer. If the passage is hard to understand, answer the detail questions and move on to the next passage. Remember to go back if time permits.