This is a sample exam of the ACET abstract / logical reasoning section.

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## Logical and Abstract Reasoning

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Question 1 |

201, 202, 204, 207, ________

A | 209 |

B | 205 |

C | 211 |

D | 208 |

Question 1 Explanation:

Common difference starts with 1 and is increased by 1.

Question 2 |

Choose the figure or word does not belong to the group

A | tire |

B | engine |

C | transmission |

D | car |

Question 2 Explanation:

Other choices are parts of a car.

Question 3 |

QAR, RAS, SAT, TAU, _____

A | TAS |

B | UAT |

C | TAT |

D | UAV |

Question 3 Explanation:

A is always the middle letter of the elements. The first and third letters of every element are consecutive letters of the alphabet. And the succeeding element has a first letter that is equal to the third letter of the previous element.

Question 4 |

1000, 200, 40, ____

A | 24 |

B | 8 |

C | 16 |

D | 32 |

Question 4 Explanation:

Terms are divided by 5.

Question 5 |

Sponge : porous as rubber : ______________

A | big |

B | elastic |

C | toy |

D | tactile |

Question 5 Explanation:

Sponge is a porous material while a rubber is an elastic material.

Question 6 |

Odometer : mileage as compass : ____________

A | speed |

B | direction |

C | needle |

D | hiking |

Question 6 Explanation:

An odometer gives you the mileage while a compass gives you the direction.

Question 7 |

Exercise : gym as eating : ____________

A | Dieting |

B | Food |

C | Health |

D | Restaurant |

Question 7 Explanation:

You excise in the gym and you eat in the restaurant.

Question 8 |

STATEMENT 1: Teza is older than Abby.
STATEMENT 2: Eric is older than Teza.
STATEMENT 3: Abby is older than Eric.

A | True |

B | Uncertain |

C | False |

Question 8 Explanation:

Arranged from eldest to youngest:
Eric – Teza – Abby

Question 9 |

80, 10, 70, 15, 60, ___

A | 20 |

B | 25 |

C | 40 |

D | 30 |

Question 9 Explanation:

This is an alternating addition and subtraction series. In the first pattern, 10 is subtracted from each number to arrive at the next. In the second, 5 is added to each number to arrive at the next.

Question 10 |

544, 509, 474, 439, ____

A | 414 |

B | 445 |

C | 420 |

D | 404 |

Question 10 Explanation:

Subtracted by 35.

Question 11 |

Elated : despondent as enlightened : ______________

A | tolerant |

B | aware |

C | miserable |

D | ignorant |

Question 11 Explanation:

Relationship - antonyms

Question 12 |

22, 21, 23, 22, 24, 23, ___

A | 22 |

B | 25 |

C | 27 |

D | 20 |

Question 12 Explanation:

Alternately subtract 1 and add 2.

Question 13 |

Pride : lion as shoal : _________

A | fish |

B | student |

C | dress |

D | teacher |

Question 13 Explanation:

A group of lions makes a pride. A group of fish is a shoal.

Question 14 |

Choose the figure or word does not belong to the group

A | mayonnaise |

B | dill |

C | parsley |

D | basil |

Question 14 Explanation:

Mayonnaise is not an herb.

Question 15 |

STATEMENT 1: May walks faster than Guy.
STATEMENT 2: Lilo walks faster than May.
STATEMENT 3: Guy runs faster than Lilo.

A | True |

B | Uncertain |

C | False |

Question 15 Explanation:

The first two statements talk about the comparison of speed when walking. This is not enough to conclude anything about their running speed.

Question 16 |

BCB, DED, FGF, HIH, ___

A | IJI |

B | HJH |

C | JHJ |

D | JKJ |

Question 16 Explanation:

Identical first and third letter, alphabetical arrangement of the letter is the series starting from B - 1st and third letter then the second letter and so on.

Question 17 |

Choose the figure or word does not belong to the group

A | pupil |

B | retina |

C | vision |

D | cornea |

Question 17 Explanation:

Vision is a function of the eye but not one of its parts.

Question 18 |

31, 29, 24, 22, 17, ___

A | 13 |

B | 9 |

C | 11 |

D | 15 |

Question 18 Explanation:

Subtract 2 then 5.

Question 19 |

Choose the figure or word does not belong to the group

A | cord |

B | yarn |

C | tape |

D | twine |

Question 19 Explanation:

A tape is not use for tying like the other choices.

Question 20 |

\( 2,1,\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{4},\_\_\_\)

A | $latex \displaystyle \frac{1}{16}[/latex] |

B | \( \frac{1}{8}\) |

C | \( \frac{1}{3}\) |

D | \( \frac{2}{8}\) |

Question 20 Explanation:

Common factor of \( \frac{1}{2}\).

Question 21 |

Secretly : openly as silently : _______________

A | impolite |

B | quietly |

C | scarcely |

D | noisily |

Question 21 Explanation:

Relation: antonyms

Question 22 |

14, 28, 20, 40, 32, 64,______

A | 52 |

B | 128 |

C | 90 |

D | 56 |

Question 22 Explanation:

This is an alternating series – preceding term alternatively gets multiplied by two then subtracted by 8.

Question 23 |

QPO, NML, KJI, _____, EDC

A | GIJ |

B | JKL |

C | CAB |

D | HJF |

Question 23 Explanation:

Letters are arranged in reverse.

Question 24 |

58, 52, 46, 40, 34, ____.

A | 25 |

B | 32 |

C | 30 |

D | 28 |

Question 24 Explanation:

The next term is 6 less than the previous.

Question 25 |

36, 34, 30, 28, 24, ____

A | 21 |

B | 26 |

C | 24 |

D | 22 |

Question 25 Explanation:

Alternating subtraction 2 then 4 then 2.

Question 26 |

Choose the figure or word does not belong to the group

A | cucumber |

B | rose |

C | lavender |

D | tulip |

Question 26 Explanation:

Cucumber is not a flower.

Question 27 |

ELFA, GLHA, ILJA, _____, MLNA

A | KLLA |

B | LLMA |

C | OLPA |

D | KLMA |

Question 27 Explanation:

L and A (second and fourth letters) are static. 1st and 3rd letter are in alphabetical order.

Question 28 |

Choose the figure or word does not belong to the group

A | closing |

B | heading |

C | body |

D | letter |

Question 28 Explanation:

Body, heading and closing are parts of a letter.

Question 29 |

8, 22, 8, 28, 8, ___

A | 21 |

B | 34 |

C | 29 |

D | 10 |

Question 29 Explanation:

8 is interpolated in a series with common difference equal to 6.

Question 30 |

A,Z,B,___,C,X

A | Y |

B | D |

C | V |

D | U |

Question 30 Explanation:

Odd numbered letters – alphabetically arranged.
Even numbered terms – Inversely arranged.

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